e-Antique.eu the international antique and book and book auction advertising site Buy or Sell for free
e-Antique.eu the international antique and book and book  auction advertising site Buy or Sell for free
 
The International antique and book auctions site
 
Sign In | Register
Search:
Newsletter:


Antique categories:
RSS Feed: Clock Clock
RSS Feed: Folk art Folk art
RSS Feed: Furniture Furniture
RSS Feed: Glass, crystal Glass, crystal
RSS Feed: Graphics, etching Graphics, etching
RSS Feed: Jewel Jewel
RSS Feed: Lamp, chandelier Lamp, chandelier
RSS Feed: Militaria, arms Militaria, arms
RSS Feed: Musical instrument Musical instrument
RSS Feed: Other antiques Other antiques
RSS Feed: Painting Painting
RSS Feed: Paper Paper
RSS Feed: Paper money, coin Paper money, coin
RSS Feed: Porcelain, ceramic Porcelain, ceramic
RSS Feed: Postcard Postcard
RSS Feed: Religious items Religious items
RSS Feed: Silver, metallic object Silver, metallic object
RSS Feed: Stamp Stamp
RSS Feed: Statue Statue
RSS Feed: Technical antiques Technical antiques
RSS Feed: Textiles, carpets Textiles, carpets


Book categories:
RSS Feed: Antiquarian book Antiquarian book
RSS Feed: Art book Art book
RSS Feed: Children's book Children's book
RSS Feed: Dictionary Dictionary
RSS Feed: Economy, business Economy, business
RSS Feed: Gastronomy Gastronomy
RSS Feed: Guide, geography Guide, geography
RSS Feed: History History
RSS Feed: Lifestyle, health Lifestyle, health
RSS Feed: Literature, Novel Literature, Novel
RSS Feed: LP, CD, DVD LP, CD, DVD
RSS Feed: Newspaper Newspaper
RSS Feed: Religious book Religious book
RSS Feed: Schoolbook Schoolbook
RSS Feed: Scientific book Scientific book
RSS Feed: Slide strip Slide strip
RSS Feed: Sports Sports
RSS Feed: Technical book Technical book


Gallery: exhibitions
RSS Feed: Handicrafts exhibition Handicrafts exhibition
RSS Feed: Historical exhibition Historical exhibition
RSS Feed: Painting exhibition Painting exhibition
RSS Feed: Photography exhibition Photography exhibition
RSS Feed: Sculpture exhibition Sculpture exhibition
RSS: All news ALL NEWS RSS feliratkozás: Auction news AUCTION NEWSRSS feliratkozás: Cultural news CULTURAL NEWSRSS feliratkozás: Historical news HISTORICAL NEWS RSS: Videos VIDEOS RSS: Calendar CALENDAR
Prehistoric Recordkeeping System Used Long After Writing Emerged
2014.07.17. | Historical news Forward email | Print
A team of archaeologists working at Ziyaret Tepe in Turkey recently unearthed a large number of clay tokens dating to 900-600 B.C., during the heyday of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.

Prehistoric Recordkeeping System Used Long After Writing EmergedFound alongside clay tablets containing cuneiform, the early writing system, the tokens suggest that some ancient Assyrians stuck to a rudimentary bookkeeping system far longer than had previously been believed, and long after writing had become commonplace.
Ziyaret Tepe is located on the site of the ancient city of Tushan, a provincial capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. At its peak during the first millennia B.C., the empire was the most powerful state in the world, encompassing modern-day Turkey, Iraq and Syria. Archaeologists discovered the clay tokens–some 300 of them, formed in various simple shapes–in two back rooms of what was the main administrative building in Tushan’s lower town. In a press release announcing his team’s findings, lead researcher John MacGinnis of Cambridge’s MacDonald Institute for Archaeological Research described the rooms as a kind of “delivery area,” or ancient loading bay.

Scientists think that Assyrian farmers used the tokens as part of a bookkeeping system, and that the various shapes (including spheres, discs and triangles, as well as some resembling oxhide and bull heads) may have represented different commodities such as livestock and grain. Since they were in use during the empire’s heyday, the tokens could also have represented more sophisticated goods such as oil, wine and wool. While it was previously assumed that this rudimentary type of recordkeeping became obsolete after the emergence of writing, these tokens date to a time (900 to 600 B.C.) when writing had become common practice.

The earliest examples of writing can be traced to around 3000 B.C., consisting of clay tablets filled with pictorial symbols drawn with triangular-tipped reeds. Thereafter, scientists have found that tokens used in bookkeeping gradually disappeared from the archaeological record–until now. According to MacGinnis’ team, farmers trading goods at Tushan some 2,000 years later most likely handed the tokens over to Assyrian officials, who later translated them into writing. This combination of tokens and cuneiform writing created a flexible, practical accounting system that allowed illiterate farmers to participate.

According to MacGinnis, it’s not so hard to imagine how the more rudimentary system stayed in place long after writing developed. After all, people still use pens and pencils, even in the age of computers. As he puts it, “Complex writing didn’t stop the use of the abacus, just as the digital age hasn’t wiped out pencils and pens. In a literate society there are multiple channels of recording information that can be complementary to each other.”

Comment: Please comment this news
No comment
Recent videos:
Recent topics:
How much is my antique silver and metal objects worth?
How much is my antique jewel worth?
What is this antique object?
Trying to identify this silver hallmark
Trying to identify this porcelain mark
How much is my antique furniture worth?
Who may be the painter of this painting?
How Much Is My Antique Porcelain Worth?
How Much Is My Antique Clock Worth?
How Much Is My Antiquarian Book Worth?
e-Antique.eu the international antique and book and book  auction advertising site Buy or Sell for free
e-Antique.eu - the Internatinal antique and books auctions site

About Us
How to sell?
How to buy? ......... Free advertising!

Write us!
Registration
Forgotten Password
Newsletter subcribe

Artist database
Art and antique glossary
e-Antique.eu.Marketplace
e-Antique.eu Academy

Videos
Calendar
Cultural news
Historical news

e-Antique.eu the international antique and book and book  auction advertising site Buy or Sell for free Follow the e-Antique.eu auction site  in the Facebook!! Follow the e-Antique.eu auction site  in the Twitter!! Follow the e-Antique.eu auction site  in the Youtube!! Follow the e-Antique.eu auction site  in the Google+!! Follow the e-Antique.eu auction site  in the Pinterest
© 2018 e-Antique.eu | Newsletter | Contact | Terms and Conditions | Advertis with us | Copyright | e-Antique.eu Privacy Policy